Senin, 11 Oktober 2010

perintah" CTRL

 perintah" CTRL

Windows system key combinations

* F1: Help
* CTRL+ESC: Open Start menu
* ALT+TAB: Switch between open programs
* ALT+F4: Quit program
* SHIFT+DELETE: Delete item permanently
* Windows Logo+L: Lock the computer (without using CTRL+ALT+DELETE)

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Windows program key combinations

* CTRL+C: Copy
* CTRL+X: Cut
* CTRL+V: Paste
* CTRL+Z: Undo
* CTRL+B: Bold
* CTRL+U: Underline
* CTRL+I: Italic

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Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects

* SHIFT+right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands
* SHIFT+double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu)
* ALT+double click: Displays properties
* SHIFT+DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin

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General keyboard-only commands

* F1: Starts Windows Help
* F10: Activates menu bar options
* SHIFT+F10 Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as right-clicking an object
* CTRL+ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item)
* CTRL+ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu)
* CTRL+SHIFT+ESC: Opens Windows Task Manager
* ALT+DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
* ALT+TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then press the TAB key to view the task-switching window)
* SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature
* ALT+SPACE: Displays the main window's System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window)
* ALT+- (ALT+hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu (from the MDI child window's System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window)
* CTRL+TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program
* ALT+underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu
* ALT+F4: Closes the current window
* CTRL+F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window
* ALT+F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed, ALT+F6 switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window)

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Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts
For a selected object:

* F2: Rename object
* F3: Find all files
* CTRL+X: Cut
* CTRL+C: Copy
* CTRL+V: Paste
* SHIFT+DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin
* ALT+ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object

To copy a file
Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to another folder.
To create a shortcut
Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder.
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General folder/shortcut control

* F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer)
* F5: Refreshes the current window.
* F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer
* CTRL+G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only)
* CTRL+Z: Undo the last command
* CTRL+A: Select all the items in the current window
* BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder
* SHIFT+click+Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders

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Windows Explorer tree control

* Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection
* Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection
* Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection.
* RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child
* LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent

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Properties control

* CTRL+TAB/CTRL+SHIFT+TAB: Move through the property tabs

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